Archibald Fairbairn1,2,3

(2 August 1813 - between 1861 and 1871)
FatherArchibald Fairbairn4,3,5 (say Mar 1783 - May 1842)
MotherJanet Scott6 (cir. 1787 - Jan 1853)
Relationship1st cousin 4 times removed of Lorna Henderson

BMDB data

     Archibald Fairbairn was born on 2 Aug 1813 Lessudden / St Boswells, Par. of St Boswells, ROX, SCT.7,8,3,6 He was baptized on 29 Aug 1813 St Boswells, Par. of St Boswells, ROX, SCT; entry shows "Archibald Fairbairn son of Archibald Fairbairn labourer Lessudden and Janet Scott his wife was Born Augt 2nd 1813 and Baptised August 29 1813 in the Church."3,9,6 Some sources show Archibald as born DUR, ENG, (from the 1851 Eng census, but the place is incorrect by most other sources.)10
     Archibald Fairbairn married Jane Blakey, daughter of John Blakey, on 6 Feb 1841 at the United Secession Ch, Tynemouth, Dist of Tynemouth, NBL, ENG, cert. shows Archibald as a blacksmith s/o Archibald Fairbairn, a gardener; Jane as d/o John Blakey, waggon[maker?]. Both of full age and resid. Cowpen Colliery. Secession Church but rites and ceremones of the Presbyterian Ch of Scotland; Wit: Joseph Armstrong and Mary Ann Carmichael; Archibald signed, Jane her mark. Minister David Carmichael.4,1,11,2
     Archibald Fairbairn was assumed to have died bet. 1861 - 1871 ?Caledon, Peel Co., ONT, CAN, presumably between 1861 and 1868 as not obvious 1869+ in ONT dths (registration started 1869), and is in 1861 census. No death registration was found in either Scotland or England.12,13,14
     The Fairbairn surname dna project has come up trumps - again.
I began to suspect that the family of FAIRBAIRNs I was tracing around in Ontario and Alberta just might belong to the family of an Archibald who married Jane Blakey in Tynemouth in 1841. Much later, I realised that I'd never actually checked this marriage cert. When this was remedied I was very interested to see that this Archibald's father was another Archibald.
Given that the one married to Jane was given as born about 1813 in Scotland in most available records, and the only Archibald son of Archibald I had in my database of Fairbairns was the one baptised in St Boswells in 1813 to Archibald F. and Janet Scott, it was looking even more likely that I'd found out what had happened to this latter Archibald, albeit that the father was shown with an occupation (gardener) that I hadn't associated with him. (Up till now I had assumed he had died prior to the 1841 census).
Thanks to a McKee researcher connected to the Ontario branch of these Fairbairns (who only knew their ancestry back to the Robert who married Martha Almira Huston), a descendant was convinced to represent his line in the Fairbairn dna project.
The preliminary results (Apr 2009) showed a 12/12 match, and by May they showed a 64/67 match, with the known descendant of Archibald and Janet (Scott) Fairbairn. QED, especially as two of those markers are unique in the project to this line, and marker cdya of 36 is shared with Martin the known descendant of Archibald and Janet (Scott) F, and none of the others in the project.
And when in Apr 2011 Ed turned up a military record for John, son of a Walter of Roxburghshire, which clearly showed his mother as Agnes ROBINSON, we finally had a proven representative of Archibald and Alison (Crosser) Fairbairn to compare the other representatives with. A good match.15,16


     Archibald Fairbairn and Jane Blakey emigrated in 1851 to ONT, CAN; (from son Archibald's census data, 1851 in 1901, 1853 in 1911.)17,18

Census/Where lived/Occupations

     Archibald Fairbairn appeared on the census of 1841 Horton, Castle (East Division), NBL, ENG, with Jane Fairbairn, as BLAKEY: John 55 husbandman b Cty; FAIRBAIRN: Archibald B.S. (assumed to mean blacksmith) 25 b SCT; Jane 25 b Cty; Also William BLAKEY 10 and CHARLTON (NB enumerators were instructed to round ages down to the nearest multiple of 5.)7
     Archibald Fairbairn was shown as the head of the household in the census of 1851 at the South Port Houses, Cowpen, Dist of Tynemouth, NBL, ENG, with Jane enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Archibald 38 blacksmith b Durham; Wife Jane 37 b Cowpen, NBL; Children (all b Cowpen): William 15 coal miner, Jane 10, Archibald 7, John 5 all scholars, Helen 3; Lodgers GRAY, William Batty 25 unm coal miner b NBL.10
     Archibald Fairbairn was shown as the head of the household in the census of 1861 Caledon, Peel Co., ONT, CAN, with Jane enumerated as FAIRBURN: Archibald 48 blacksmith b SCT ; Jane 47 "spinster" (!) b SCT, both F.C. Assumed children: Jane 20 b ENG, Archibald 18 blacksmith b ENG; John 15 b ENG; Barbra (sic) 10 b ENG; Walter 3, Robert 2 both b U.C. Living in a one storey frame hse, as 1 family.14


     Archibald Fairbairn has also been shown (incorrectly) in records as Arron Fairbairn in 1923 but I believe that to be a mistranscription from son Walter's dth cert.19

External links

     Click here to see Archibald's page on WikiTree, a (free) collaborative on-line tree.20
     Archibald Fairbairn belongs to a DNA tested line. There may be more information available on DNASurnames under the DNA project for his/her surname/line.


Jane Blakey (cir. 1814 - Feb 1889)
  • William Fairbairn10 (cir. 1836 - aft. 1851)
  • Jane Fairbairn14,10 (bet. Jun 1841 - Sep 1841 - aft. 1861)
  • Archibald Fairbairn1,21 (bet. Jan 1843 - Mar 1843 - Mar 1913)
  • John Fairbairn14,10 (bet. Jan 1845 - Mar 1845 - aft. 1861)
  • Helen Fairbairn10 (bet. Jan 1848 - Mar 1848 - aft. 1851)
  • Barbara Fairbairn22 (cir. 1855 - Mar 1900)
  • Walter Fairbairn2 (Aug 1859 - May 1923)
  • Robert Fairbairn23 (Mar 1860 - Nov 1926)
Last Edited21 Jun 2015


  1. online at, Marr. 3 Jul 1871 Archibald (s/o Archibald & Jane FAIRBAIRN) & Mary Jane (d/o Thos Mary & Ann CAVENA) roll MS932_4, York, ONT, from Ontario, Canada Marriages 1857-1924, extracted Dec 2007.
  2. online at, Marr. 30 Dec 1897 Walter s/o Archibald & Jessie FAIRBAIRN, & Adaline d/o Alane VROOMAN & Caroline MAIN, Wellington Cty, ONT, FHL Film MS932_97, from Ontario, Canada Marraiges, 1857-1924, extracted May 2008.
  3. Births marriages OPR index: ROX, SCT.
  4. Various, BDM Certified copy, Marr. 6 Feb 1841 Archibald s/o Archibald FAIRBAIRN & Jane d/o John BLAKEY, United Secession Ch, Tynemouth, NBL, copy rcvd Feb 2009.
  5. Scottish BMDB entries (to 1854),, Birth 2 Aug Bap. 29 Aug 1813 Archibald s/o Archibald FAIRBAIRN (Lessudden) and Janet SCOTT, Par. 804 0010 0150 St Boswells, copy d/loaded Apr 2009.
  6. Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855),, Birth 2 Aug Bap. 29 Aug 1813 Archibald s/o Archibald FAIRBAIRN (Lessudden) and Janet SCOTT, Par. 804 0010 0150 St Boswells, copy d/loaded Apr 2009.
  7. 1841 Census images, England & Wales, via, Horton, Castle (East Division) Hundred, NBL HO107/821/4 ED 6 F 16 Pg 25, hsehold of John BLAKEY, extracted Dec 2007.
  8. Census image, Canada, via, 1891 Sub Dist Stisted & McMurrich, Dist Muskoka & Parry Sound, ONT Dist 95 Roll T-6355, family of Archibald & Mary Jane FAIRBAIRN, extracted Feb 2009.
  9. Sanna F Ross (Gaffney), "EM FAIRBAIRN: Borders ex Sanna G," e-mail to Lorna & GenForum FAIRBAIRN, Oct 2000.
  10. 1851 Census images, England & Wales, via, Par. of Cowpen, Sub Dist Earsdon, Dist Tynemouth, NBL, HO107/2412 F 414 ED 2b Pg 55 Sched 194, hsehold of Archibald & Jane FAIRBAIRN, extracted Jun 2008.
  11. Www FreeBMD ENG online at, Marr. 1841 Archibald FAIRBAIRN & Jane BLAKEY or SMITH, reg. Tynemouth, Mar qtr 25/361, extracted Dec 2007.
  12. Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), 1881 Orangeville, Wellington Centre, ONT FHL Film 1375895 NA Film C-13259 Dist 152 Sub Dist A Div 1 Pg 31 hsehold 157, hsehold of Jane FARABURN (as indexed), extracted Feb 2009.
  13. Census image, Canada, via, 1871 Erin, Wellington Center, ONT, M'film roll C-9947 Div 2 Pg 20, hoh Jane FAIRBURN, (59 b ENG), extracted Feb 2009.
  14. Census image, Canada, via, 1861 Caledon, Peel, Ontario; Roll: C-1063, hsehold of Archibald & Jane FAIRBURN, extracted Aug 2009.
  15. Lorna Henderson, "FAIRBAIRN Analysis", Dec 2007, updated Feb 2009, and again Apr and May 2009.
  16. FAIRBAIRN Surname DNA Project online at, 12/12 match between descendants of Archibald and Janet (SCOTT) FAIRBAIRN and of Robert and Martha Almira (HUSTON) FAIRBAIRN, rcvd Apr 2009.
  17. Census image, Canada, via, 1901 Sub Dist Ryerson, Dist of Muskoka & Parry Sound, ONT Dist 91 Sub Dist N1-2 Family 56, hsehold of Archibald & Mary J FAIRBAIRN, extracted Jun 2008.
  18. Census image, Canada, via, 1911 Dist Parry Sount, ONT Dist 108 Sub Dist 24 Pg 3 Family 21, hsehold of Archie & Mary FAIRBAIRN, extracted Feb 2009.
  19. Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), Dth 12 May 1923 Walter s/o Arron (as transcr) FAIRBAIRN & BLAKLEY, b 22 Aug 1859 Britannia ONT d. Orangeville, Dufferin, ONT, from Ontario Deaths, 1869-1947, film 1976687 GS#4171026 Image 84 ref 4171026, extracted Jan 2009.
  20. WikiTree online at, Oct-11.
  21. online at, Dth 24 Mar 1913 Archibald s/o Archibald FAIRBURN, & Jane ?Plelelur?McMurrich Township, Parry Sound Dist, ONT, from Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869-1934, extracted Mar 2008.
  22. "Lorna's Family History Musings", Feb 2009.
  23. online at, Marr. 15 Aug 1883 Robert FAIRBAIRN & Martha Almira HUSTON, FHL Film MS932_42, Dufferin, ONT, extracted Jun 2008.

E. & O. E. Some/most parish records are rather hard to read and names, places hard to interpret, particularly if you are unfamiliar with an area.