Andrew William Alexander Richardson1

(1 July 1862 - 30 December 1936)
FatherJames R Richardson2,3 (Sep 1826 - Jul 1902)
MotherElizabeth McCulloch2 (cir. 1835 - Sep 1881)
Relationship2nd cousin 3 times removed of Lorna Henderson

BMDB data

     Andrew William Alexander Richardson was born on 1 Jul 1862 Hoddle St, East Collingwood, Dist of Collingwood, VIC, AUS, cert shows parents as James Richardson blacksmith 35 b Edinburgh SCT marr. 1852 Edin. to Elizabeth formerly McCullock, 26 b Newcastle upon Tyne ENG, issue Jane 7¼, Robert 5¾, 2 sons and dtr dead, inf mother of Hoddle St, attendant Mrs Dodds, reg 1st Oct 1862.4,1,5
     Andrew William Alexander Richardson married Elizabeth Kane on 11 Jul 1883 St Joseph's Chapel, Dunedin, OTG, NZ, Intentions to marry show Andrew as a blacksmith, resident Dunedin for 10 days, and Elizabeth as a dom. servant, resident Dn for 1 year. Both were given as 21. They were married by the Rt Rev Dr Moran, Roman Catholic Bishop. Andrew's military Statement of Service shows he married Elizabeth O'Kane but doesn't give a date.6,7,5
     Andrew William Alexander Richardson died on 30 Dec 1936 230 Macandrew Rd, Dunedin, OTG, NZ; bur. index shows: aged 74, b Melbourne, in province 70 yrs, blacksmith of 230 Macandrew Rd, from Owaka, inf. R McLean and son.
An obituary records that he came to Dunedin "at an early age" and was educated at the "Old Stone School" ... "while still a lad joined the Naval Cadets at Oamaru" ... maintaining a keen interest "in the volunteering movement" being a petty officer in the Oamaru Navals, and forming the first volunteer company in Owaka when he moved there in 1891, becoming its captain, "retaining that rank until he moved to Dunedin in 1910" where he was interested in the National Reserve, accompanying the Relief Force to Samoa. It also records that he was interested in all athletic sports and was a champion vaulter and a prominent runner (the cutting I was sent a scan of is incomplete, I'll see what else I can find.)8,9,10,11 He was buried with Elizabeth Richardson Blk 28 Plot 21, Andersons Bay Cem., Dunedin, OTG, NZ,
     H/stone 1: ILMO Thomas Reginald bel h/o Annie Richardson d 14 Jan 1925 aged 34 Also Andrew William Alexander Richardson d 30 Dec 1936 aged 74 yrs also Elizabeth Richardson d 9 Sep 1947 aged 84 yrs
     H/stone 2: James Russell Richardson d 11 Dec 1950; Jane Ivy Bonar d 13 Nov 1955 Elizabeth I (Nean) Richardson d 23 Nov 1955
     H/stone 3: C S (Tish) Richardson d 11 Jul 1962
     In a separate plot in the same cemetery (I've no idea how close) are two more sons and their wives (Charles Edward and Frances May nee Davidson and Robert Ernest and Harriet nee Sinclair) At least I am assuming they are sons, as Robert Ernest shows up on the WWI reserves living at the same Forth St address as Thomas Reginald and he wouldn't be buried in the same plot as a complete stranger with the same surname would he? Their birth dates and places "fit". All of which theory is confirmed in AWA's army record.7,12
     Well I never! I thought I'd been surprise proofed by this genealogy hobby by now. This journey started innocently enough with a look for some of the distant Border Richardson families in assorted Scottish census records now more readily available. One James R. born Maxton, a blacksmith living in Edinburgh caught my eye. Can't be too many of the right age, birthplace and occupation thought I, and investigated further, little thinking it would lead me not only to NZ, but to a family of blacksmiths living in the same small street in Oamaru at the same time as my Henderson blacksmiths. As I think the Richardsons shifted there from Dunedin between 1867 and 1869, and this Andrew is the 2nd cousin of Helen Sinton Wight who, in 1875 ups sticks from the Borders for no apparent reason, ships herself, alone, to the far side of the world and marries a complete stranger (William Henderson, my great grandfather) in Oamaru in Dec 1875, I think I might have just found a further connection to explain this, apart from the Minister in Oamaru being from Maxton as well.
     It is very hard to know at this remove whether or not Helen and Andrew even knew they were related however as the connection is that Andrew's grandfather James and Helen's grandmother Elizabeth were siblings, but Elizabeth had died in 1831 and James had moved from the Borders to Edinburgh by at least 1811. And communication can't have been that great, as an example of which, Andrew's Aunt Catherine Peacock's 1888 will leaves money to her nieces and nephews, the children of James, and lists them, stating that James is in Australia. I originally thought additional evidence for a lack of contact was that Catherine also left money to nieces and nephews who had died in Australia some 25 years earlier, but I've subsequently found namesakes for the dead infants alive and kicking in NZ. So it's just the usual confusion/indistinction between NZ and Australia. James may well have returned to Australia, but I have him as dying in Oamaru (Otago, New Zealand) in 1902 - as do the descendents I've now found.13,14

Migration

     Andrew was assumed to have travelled to Port Chalmers, Dunedin, OTG, NZ, with James R Richardson and Elizabeth Richardson arriving cir. Nov 1862 being a babe in arms and not indexed as being with his mother and siblings.8,15,16

Census/Where lived/Occupations

     The electoral roll of 1893 records Andrew Richardson Coquet St, Oamaru, OTG, NZ, showing Andrew as a blacksmith (no sign of Elizabeth, and in the same year they both also show up in Owaka, where Andrew's obit records they moved to in 1891.)17,9 In 1893 Andrew Richardson and Elizabeth Richardson were living Owaka, Clutha Electorate, OTG, NZ, Andrew a blacksmith, Elizabeth dom duties.18
     By 1899 Andrew Richardson and Elizabeth Richardson were living Owaka, OTG, NZ, RICHARDSON: Andrew, blacksmith; Elizabeth dom. both with a residential qualification (Also an Annie, Owaka wife, without an obvious husband, whom I've not yet placed, but assume is not related/connected.)19 Andrew Richardson and Elizabeth Richardson were still living Owaka, OTG, in 1905 registered as RICHARDSON: Andrew, blacksmith; Elizabeth dom. both residential qualification. (Also in Owaka: Joseph William, labourer and Harry, labourer, not currently known to be related.)20 By 1914 Andrew and Elizabeth Richardson were living Forth St (81), Dunedin Nth, Dunedin, OTG, NZ, the electoral rolls recording them as RICHARDSON: Andrew William Alexander builder; Elizabeth marr; Elizabeth spinster; Thomas Reginald electrical engineer (nearby were a William, carter and Elizabeth at 23 Forth St, not immediately obviously related despite Elizabeth being born in Berwickshire and William also being born in Scotland.)21
     Andrew William Alexander Richardson was still living Dunedin Nth, Dunedin, OTG, in 1919 the electoral roll recording the family as RICHARDSON: Andrew William Alexander builder; Catherine spinster; Elizabeth spinster; Ivy spinster; James Russell blacksmith; Thomas Reginald electrical engineer (wife Elizabeth disappeared, although I didn't check the supplementary roll. Still nearby were a William, carter and Elizabeth at 23 Forth St.)22
     Andrew William Alexander Richardson and Elizabeth Richardson were registered as electors in 1922 68 Macandrew Rd, Sth Dunedin, OTG, NZ, together with Elizabeth Isabel Richardson, Catherine Richardson, Jane Ivy Richardson and James Russell Richardson the RICHARDSON entries being: Andrew Wm Alex builder; Elizabeth marr; Catherne spinster; Elizabeth Isabel spinster; Jane Ivy spinster; James Russell sawyer; (no Thomas.)23 In 1931 Andrew William Alexander Richardson was living 230 Macandrew Rd, Sth Dunedin, OTG, NZ, being recorded in Stone's directory as "Andw Wm A elctn."24,25

Military

     Andrew was in military service bef. 1911 Owaka, OTG, NZ, as a card index at the National Archives records both a Lieutenant and a Captain of these names in the Owaka Rifles, and a Captain in the First Battalian Otago Rifles.26
     Fr 13 Jan 1915 - 18 Feb 1920 Andrew was again in military service, described as of 81 Forth St, Dunedin, OTG, NZ, an index showing two entries for #19/228: both showing him as a blacksmith, nok wife of 81 Forth St, Dunedin: one on Nominal Rolls Vol 1 showing him as a Capt of Infantry, Samoan Relief, last NZ address Garden Pl, Hamilton, the other on vol 4 showing him 'returning to duty'.
His personnel file shows the usual (from my sample of 2 sets of identically named Richardsons) army mixup between father and son, as at one stage his address is recorded as that of his son in Rua Roa. An annotation on the record shows a move from 81 Forth St to 68 Macandrew Rd, dated 29 Feb 1924, but that may well be when the Army bureaucracy caught up with the information.
His file does not contain an attestation sheet, and the History of service begins with him as a Lieut on 13 Jan 1915 in the S.R.F. regiment/force (Samoan Relief Force), recorded as a self employed blacksmith, Prebyterian b Victoria 1 Jul 1862. On service in Samoa from 27 Mar 1915, recorded sick with shingles "doing well" Sep 1915, promoted to Capt Dec 1916 in charge of the Garrison when Vice Capt R C Smith returned to NZ. Became a Major Dec 1918 and discharged 18 Feb 1920.
This army file also finally solved the mystery I've been investigating as to who the other Andrew William Alexander Richardson (in Dannevirke) was, his son. The list of children also added a William Record Richardson into the mix that I'd not heard about until then. If I've identiifed the correct person in assorted records, the latter was buried in Dargaville in 1969.27,28

Wills/bequests

     The will of Catherine Peacock (registered Sheriff Ct, Edinburgh, MLN, SCT, on 21 Nov 1890) named nieces and nephews as beneficiaries including Andrew Richardson. The executors & trustees names were siblings Thomas Russell Richardson, Margaret Richardson and Jean Richardson. James R Richardson was also named as a beneficiary of his sibling. The will also mentioned Adam Peacock, David Scott and Helen Turnbull.29 His estate was probated on 2 Feb 1937 Dunedin, OTG, NZ; the index showing him as a builder, intestate.30

All the other info

     A prize list for the Grammar School, Oamaru, OTG, NZ, in the Oamaru Times p2 c3/4 on 9 Dec 1873 list an A Richardson who would be 11 then and might be him.31
     Andrew William Alexander Richardson is assumed to be the male aged 39 (actually 40) in the on 22 Jul 1902 death certificate of his father James.32,33,34,35,2,36 As of say 1914, Andrew William Alexander Richardson lived Garden Pl, Hamilton, WKT, NZ; although this could be an artefact of military record keeping given that his next of kin was his wife still at 81 Forth St, Dunedin.28

Family

Elizabeth Kane (cir. 1864 - Sep 1947)
Children
  • Andrew William Alexander Richardson12 (Jan 1883 - Jul 1948)
  • James Russell Richardson37,12 (May 1885 - Dec 1950)
  • Elizabeth Isabel Richardson38,12 (Jul 1887 - Nov 1955)
  • Thomas Reginald Richardson39,12 (Sep 1890 - Jan 1925)
  • Catherine Sutherland Richardson40,12 (May 1892 - Jul 1962)
  • Robert Ernest Richardson41,12 (Mar 1894 - May 1977)
  • Jane Ivy Richardson7,23,12 (Jul 1895 - Nov 1955)
  • William Record Richardson12 (May 1897 - Sep 1969)
  • Charles Edward Richardson42,12 (Aug 1902 - May 1956)
ChartsWilliam RICHARDSON of Pringlestead, Eckford
RUNCIMAN of Earlston/Wanton Walls
FAMILTON
Last Edited20 Apr 2013

Citations

  1. BDM: VIC, AUS, Birth 1862 Andrew William Alexander to James RICHARDSON & Elizabeth McCULLOCK, reg. Collingwood VIC No. 19881, copy d/loaded Jun 2007.
  2. PEACOCK, Catherine, Will 1890, Edin Sheriff Court (written 26 Sep 1888, proved 12 Dec 1890) SC70/4/249: Copy d/loaded Jun 2007.
  3. Ian Woonton, "EM: WOONTON, Ian (RICHARDSON desc.)," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Written recollections (1979) of Marguerite WOONTON, b. 1897, dtr of Jane RICHARDSON, rcvd Jul 2007, "The family of James & Bessie RICHARDSON comprised James, Jane, Robert, Thomas, Andrew William Alexander, William, Margaret and Katie."
  4. Australian birth death marriage, CD Roms, Birth 1862 Andrew William A to James RICHARDSON & Elizabeth McCULLOCK, reg. E'wood VIC #19881 extracted Jun 2007 (1998).
  5. Intentions to marry: Marr. 1883 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON & Elizabeth KANE, Dunedin, #241, folio #2357, extracted Jul 2007.
  6. Compiled by NZ Society Genealogists, Marriages, 1836-1956, CD, Marr. 1883 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON & Elizabeth KANE, folio 2357, extracted Jun 2007.
  7. NZSG, Cemetery transcriptions, RICHARDSON H/stone Plt 21 Blk 98 Andersons Bay Cem, Dunedin, NZ, from Andersons Bay MIs Vol 3, S08.03 Fiche 357, extracted Jun 2007.
  8. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth/Burial 1936 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON, aged 74, resid 230 Macandrew Rd, from Owaka, b Melbourne, bur. Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin, extracted Jun 2007.
  9. Ian Woonton, "EM: WOONTON, Ian (RICHARDSON desc.)," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Obit 1936 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON, date and publication as yet unknown, scan rcvd Jul 2007.
  10. Compiled by NZSG, Burials, CD, purchased Feb 2007 (version 1), Burial 1936 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON, aged 74, Andersons Bay, Dunedin 2/6387, extracted Jun 2007.
  11. NZ births deaths marriages (index on fiche), Dth 1936 Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON, reg. Dunedin Qtr 4, folio #4190, extracted Jun 2007.
  12. "RICHARDSON, Andrew William Alexander Snr Service History", AABK 18805 Acc W5550 Box 71/0097576; , Extracted Jul 2007.
  13. "Lorna's Family History Musings", Jun & Jul 2007.
  14. RICHARDSON, James Russell Will/Probate 1946/50 (Will 30 May 1946 Probate 8 Jun 1950) AAOM 6031 1055/50: Will 1946, extracted Jul 2007.
  15. Various authors, Assorted RICHARDSON Web searches/Correspondence, 1862 RICHARDSON, Mr & Mrs, Jane & Robt, on the 'Eli Whitney', on Outward Passengers to Interstate, UK, NZ and Foreign Ports 1852-1876, (http://proarchives.imagineering.com.au), , extracted Jul 2007.
  16. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, RICHARDSON, 1862 'Eli Whitney', from Victoria (AUS) to NZ - Passenger Record index, extracted Jul 2007.
  17. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1893 Oamaru Andrew RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  18. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1893 Clutha: Andrew & Elizabeth RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  19. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1899 Owaka, RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  20. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1905 Owaka, RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  21. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1914 Dunedin North, RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  22. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1919 Dunedin North, RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  23. 1853+ Electoral Roll, New Zealand, 1922 Sth Dunedin, RICHARDSON, extracted Jun 2007,.
  24. Stones, Stones Directory, 1931 Otago & Southland Directory, extracted Jul 2007.
  25. Judy COBURN, "EM RICHARDSON/GILDER ex Judy C," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Photo RICHARDSON house, 230 Macandrew Bay Rd, Dunedin, copy rcvd Apr 2008.
  26. Assorted; Defence records, National Archives, Wgtn NZ, Andrew William Alexander RICHARDSON, from card index (from AD20), "Army Commissions 1862-1911", extracted Jul 2007.
  27. WWI Personnel, WWI NZ Service Personnel and Reserves Index, RICHARDSON, Andrew William Alexander, #19/228, Capt, blacksmith, Nominal Rolls Vol 4, Roll 77 Pg 6, extracted Jun 2007.
  28. WWI Personnel, WWI NZ Service Personnel and Reserves Index, RICHARDSON, Andrew William Alexander, #19/228, Capt, blacksmith, Nominal Roll Vol 1, extracted Jun 2007.
  29. PEACOCK, Catherine, Will 1890, Edin Sheriff Court (written 26 Sep 1888, proved 12 Dec 1890) SC70/4/249: Registration 21 Nov 1890, Edinburgh Sheriff Court, copy d/loaded Jun 2007.
  30. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Probate 1937 Andrew William A RICHARDSON, builder, Dunedin, intestate, Dn arch DAAC 9075 D239 15601, extracted Jun 2007.
  31. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, 1873 A RICHARDSON, School Prize List Entry, Nth Otago, Oamaru Grammar School, from Omaru Times p2 c3/4, held Nth Otago Museum, extracted Jun 2007.
  32. BDM: NZ Certificates, Dth 1902 James RICHARDSON, reg. Oamaru, folio #2033, printout rcvd Jul 2007.
  33. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth 1902 James Russell RICHARDSON, from North Otago Death Records, P104, extracted Jun 2007.
  34. NZ births deaths marriages (index on fiche), Dth 1902 James RICHARDSON, reg. Oamaru Qtr 3, folio #2033, extracted Jun 2007.
  35. Will, James RICHARDSON, 1868 Edinburgh (Will written 2 Nov 1865) SC70/4/114: Copy d/loaded Jun 2007.
  36. Newspaper clippings, Dth 1902 James Russell RICHARDSON, Test St, Oamaru, Published "North Otago Times", 23 Jul 1902, copy taken Jul 2007.
  37. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth/Burial 1950 James Russell RICHARDSON, aged 64, resid 230 Macandrew Rd, b Oamaru, from Oamaru, bur. Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin, extracted Jun 2007.
  38. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth/Burial 1955 Elizabeth Isobel RICHARDSON, aged 65, resid 230 Macandrew Rd, b Oamaru, from Dunedin or Owaka, bur. Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin, extracted Jun 2007.
  39. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth/Burial 1925 Thomas Reginald RICHARDSON, aged 34, resid 44 Kirkcaldy St, b Oamaru, from Owaka, bur. Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin, extracted Jun 2007.
  40. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Dth/Burial 1962 Catherine RICHARDSON, aged 68, resid 230 Macandrew Rd, b NZ, bur. Andersons Bay Cemetery, Dunedin, extracted Jun 2007.
  41. WWI Personnel, WWI NZ Service Personnel and Reserves Index, 1st Reserves Sep 1916 Robert Ernest RICHARDSON, electrician of 81 Forth St, Dunedin recruiting district, extracted Jun 2007.
  42. Assorted indexes, NZ Soc. Gen. Index, Bur. 1956 Charles Edward RICHARDSON, Andersons Bay Cem. record #28215: chemist of 41 Council St, Dn, aged 54 b Owaka, extracted Jun 2007.

E. & O. E. Some/most parish records are rather hard to read and names, places hard to interpret, particularly if you are unfamiliar with an area.